Subcategory: Physics (not Nanoscience)
Kaprese Warren - Philander Smith College
Co-Author(s): Trysten Allen, Zafarya Sampay, and Breiona Hamilton, Philander Smith College, Little Rock, AR
The existence of black holes dates back to 1687 when Isaac Newton described gravity using the term ‘Principia.’ Approximately 100 years later, John Michell speculated that there may exist an object so massive that even the speed of light cannot break free from its gravitational field. Since then, many scientists have immensely expanded the concept and theory of black holes. However, for the reason that not much is clearly understood about the properties of black holes, scientists have a difficult time proving their existence. This current study focuses on the analysis and evolution of black holes. Einstein’s theories about black holes, including the formation and anatomy will be described. Lastly, an analysis of the Cygnus X-1 Black Hole and its properties in relation to Einstein’s theory will be explored. This study is important to the field of physics because it will provide information on the composition of black holes for future researchers. Furthermore, black hole research is significant for physics and astronomy as it serves to validate the General Relativity postulates as well as contribute to the formulation of the Theory of Quantum Gravity which provides a relation between Quantum Physics and General Relativity. Research in black holes have contributed to understanding the anatomy of these black holes, the role they play in our universe and in dark matter, which is also one of the most important goals of modern astronomy, which deals with cosmic objects such as stars, space, and the physical universe as a whole. The vastitude of galaxies containing dark matter and black holes make possible for unlimited exploration and future research.
Funder Acknowledgement(s): Funding provided by the National Science Foundation Historically Black Colleges and Universities-Undergraduate Program (HBCU-UP) at Philander Smith College.
Faculty Advisor: Frank James, firstname.lastname@example.org
Role: I was responsible for researching the origin and background of black holes and and dark matter. I also focused on the analysis and evolution of black holes as well as Einstein’s theories. Lastly, I provided information on the composition of black holes for future research.