Discipline: Ecology Environmental and Earth Sciences
Subcategory: Climate Change
Thierno A Barry - The City College of New York
Co-Author(s): Ehsan Najafi, 160 Convent Ave, New York, NY 10031; Dr. Indrani Pal, 160 Convent Ave, New York, NY 10031
In recent decades, crops have experienced yield decrease due to extreme weather disasters (EWD). Understanding the influence of extreme weather disasters can help nations to mitigate its negative impacts more efficiently across the globe. In this research, we synthesized national rice production losses globally based on reported extreme weather disasters. Data of yield, area harvested, and production quantity are collected from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations website, while the extreme weather disasters data are gathered from Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT). We explored the linkages between drought, extreme heat, flood, and extreme cold on global rice production from 1964-2010. Our results show that there is a large association between EWD and rice production. Future research involves studying the influence of disasters occurring during the growing season on crop production within nations, findings that may help reduce disasters impact on crop production.
Funder Acknowledgement(s): This project is supported by the National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates (Grant # 1560050), under the direction of Dr. Reginald A. Blake, Dr. Janet Liou-Mark, and Ms. Laura Yuen-Lau. The authors are grateful for the support from The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Cooperative Science Center for Earth System Sciences and Remote Sensing Technologies Summer Bridge program (Grant # NA16SEC4810008) under the direction of Dr. Reza Khanbilvardi and Dr. Shakila Merchant.
Faculty Advisor: Ehsan Najafi; Dr. Indrani Pal, firstname.lastname@example.org
Role: With the guidance of my mentors, I downloaded the data from the FAO website and the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT). I cleaned them, analyzed them and produced output. The advisors helped me analyze results. I then made a poster and write the research paper with the supervision of my mentors.