Discipline: Ecology Environmental and Earth Sciences
Subcategory: Climate Change
Room: Exhibit Hall A
Thierno Barry - The City College of New York
Co-Author(s): Ehsan Najafi, The City College of New York, New York; Dr. Indrani Pal, The City College of New York, New York
In recent decades, crops have experienced yield decrease due to extreme weather disasters (EWDs). Understanding the impact of extreme weather disasters can help nations to mitigate its negative impacts more efficiently across the globe. In this research, we synthesized national rice production losses globally based on reported extreme weather disasters. Data of yield, area harvested, and production quantity are collected from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations website, while the extreme weather disasters data are gathered from Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT). We explored the linkages between drought, extreme heat, flood, and extreme cold on global rice production from 1964-2017. Our results show that there is a large association between EWDs and rice yield, area harvested, and production quantity. Our findings may help to guide rice production priorities in international disaster risk reduction and adaptation efforts. Future research involves studying the influence of disasters occurring during the growing season on crop production within nations, findings that may help reduce disasters impact on crop production.
Funder Acknowledgement(s): This project is supported by the National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates (Grant # 1560050), under the direction of Dr. Reginald A. Blake, Dr. Janet Liou-Mark, and Ms. Laura Yuen-Lau. The authors are grateful for the support from The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ? Cooperative Science Center for Earth System Sciences and Remote Sensing Technologies Summer Bridge program (Grant # NA16SEC4810008) under the direction of Dr. Reza Khanbilvardi and Dr. Shakila Merchant.
Faculty Advisor: Ehsan Najafi; Dr. Indrani Pal, email@example.com
Role: I mostly did all the important work in this research project. I downloaded the data from the FAO website and the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT). I cleaned them, analyzed them and produced output. My mentors guided me and help me throughout the research project. My mentor and faculty mentor assisted me in interpreting results. I then made a poster and write the research paper.