Discipline: Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences
Subcategory: Social Sciences/Psychology/Economics
Room: Exhibit Hall A
Ariel Williams - Illinois State University
Maternal mortality can be caused by conditions women have before pregnancy, conditions women develop during pregnancy, or postpartum following childbirth. Research has shown increased rates of maternal death at a national level and state level. A pregnancy-associated death within our study was defined as a woman’s deaths occurred while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by their pregnancy during 2007 – 2017 with Hamilton County, Ohio. This study examined association between maternal mortality and social determinants in Cincinnati, Ohio. Death records were obtained from the Ohio Public Health Warehouse via Ohio Department of Health Bureau of Vital Statistics. The purpose of focusing on decedent?s in Cincinnati is to understand the needs and risks of a smaller and vulnerable population size. The residential address was geocoded using ArcMap, the 2010 Statistical Neighborhood Approximation was used to identify city and county designation. Selected demographic data were gathered from the death records. Descriptive statistics were analyzed using Microsoft Excel. A bivariate and multivariate analysis was used to describe relationships between pairs of variables with contingency tables and graphical representation. Based on the sample population, the evaluation revealed that women face the highest risk of pregnancy death when they are between the ages of 20 – 29 and a Black non- Hispanic woman within the city of Cincinnati. Future Research questions: How can the Cincinnati Health Department combat social determinants that hinder the health of expecting mothers? What strategies or possible trainings can be offered to physicians to eliminate basis?
Funder Acknowledgement(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Project Imhotep
Faculty Advisor: Anthony Nixon, Anthony.firstname.lastname@example.org
Role: I completed the entire study myself.